Financial Determinants of Students Sports Participation; A Managerial Perspective


  • Khalid Usman
  • Noor Muhammad khan Lecturer, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan
  • Irfan Ullah


Finance plays a well significant role in any walk of life. No matter it is education, business, industry, agriculture, or even in the field of sport. Sport is an arena where athletes need financial facilities in the shape of match fees, training fees, and refreshment fees. In this regard, the current study examined the existing financial facilities and their effects on athletes’ sports participation at the college level in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan. The sample size for this study was (n=685 males= 410; females= 275) which was obtained through a stratified probability random sampling technique. Two different adapted questionnaires after due course of validity and reliability were used to collect required information on existing financial facilities and students’ sports participation. The collected information was processed through SPSS, version 26. Appropriate statistical tests of Pearson correlation and linear regression were used to verify the set hypotheses. A critical value of 0.05 was fixed to accept or reject the hypotheses. The analyzed data revealed that the Pearson correlation between financial facilities and athletes’ sports participation was a moderate positive relationship between the variables. Additionally, regression analysis showed a negative effect of existing financial facilities on athletes’ sports participation (p > 0.05). These findings help the college administration to recommend a sufficient budget required for enhancing and increasing athletes’ sports participation. 

Key Words: Financial Facilities, Sports Participation, Managerial Perspective, College Students

Author Biography

Noor Muhammad khan, Lecturer, Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan

Noor Muhammad
Lecturer, Department of Sports Sciences & Physical Education,
Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
+92 3339742057 0301-5971936




How to Cite

Khalid Usman, khan, N. M., & Irfan Ullah. (2023). Financial Determinants of Students Sports Participation; A Managerial Perspective. CITY UNIVERSITY RESEARCH JOURNAL, 13(1). Retrieved from