Determinants of PhD Faculty Employee Retention in Private Sector Universities of Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa


  • Mujeeb ur Rehman Deputy Controller of Exam,Qurtuba University,Peshawar
  • Fahad Khan Afridi Qurtuba University of Science and Technology
  • Irshad Ahmed Yousafzai PhD Scholar,Islamia University,Peshawar


Retention of PhD faculty is turning to be a major challenge for private sector universities in Pakistan. Hence, retention is at times difficult due to the scarcity of PhD faculty. In this scenario, the present study investigated the determinants of retention for Ph.D faculty in private sector universities in district Peshawar. The main objectives of the study are to identify the key determinants of employee retention and assessing their individual impact on employee retention. Five main determinants namely work environment, work load, promotion, accessibility and duty timing are mainly investigated. Simple random sampling approach has been used to collect primary data from Ph.D faculty members in the vicinity of Peshawar. Survey method was used to collect data from 155 faculty members working in 8 different private sector universities. Regression analyses indicate that work load, promotion, and duty timing are having significant impact on employee retention. While working environment has no significant effect on employee retention. Furthermore, the five factors together explain 77.9% change in the dependent variable of employee retention of PhD faculty is of special importance in private sector universities based on Workload, promotion and flexible duty timing. The study is unique as it analyzes the retention of PhD faculty of private sectors in district Peshawar and hence paved the ways for policy formulation at national levels

Author Biography

Fahad Khan Afridi, Qurtuba University of Science and Technology

Management Sciences




How to Cite

Rehman, M. ur, Afridi, F. K., & Yousafzai, I. A. (2020). Determinants of PhD Faculty Employee Retention in Private Sector Universities of Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. CITY UNIVERSITY RESEARCH JOURNAL, 10(1). Retrieved from