INEQUITIES IN URBAN DEVELOPMENT GLOBAL NORTH VERSUS SOUTH

Muhammad Haneef, Shahbaz Altaf, Muhammad Sulaiman

Abstract


The increased urban influx over the globe is that much high that 55% of the world population currently lives in urban area while 68% of the world population is projected in urban centers by 2050, says UN (UN, 2018). The causes for the urban population increase are political, economic, natural population growth, education institutes, social picks, environmental and calamities etc. The urban centers if planned and developed accurately are considered economy generation engines for the whole country whereas in other case the urban sprawl contributes to longer commutes, high costs of services. In this urban age a group of researcher argued that the inequities in global urban development are capitalism. While the other group states that capitalism is just one aspect among many others causing uneven global urban development especially in Global South. In this article we have compared and contrast the ways in which urban development is understood in the Global North and Global South. How are these understandings similar, and divergent in each scenario? It is claimed that major factors for understanding urban development in Global North have been Agglomeration Economics and Marxism. Urban Development of Global South, on the other hand, has been largely understood through the notions of over-accumulation and globalization. Then, we have discussed similarities and differences of urban development understanding in both the regions. Lastly, we focused on the emerging idea of Governmentality and how it could be beneficial to understand urban development in Global South. In addition, critique the notion of urbanism in South from through a single lens of neoliberalis.

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